If you have OCD, it can affect work, relationships, and your entire life as the obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors begin controlling you and taking over. You may recognize that your thoughts and behavior are extreme, but just don't know how to stop it, and are controlled by your anxiety. But OCD can be successfully managed once you seek out and receive treatment for it.
The person is overwhelmed by either obsessions or compulsions, or usually both. The person experience unwanted recurrent intrusive thoughts, impulses, or images that cause marked distress and are not simply excessive worries about real life problems. The person makes attempts to ignore, suppress(repress), or neutralize the obsession and recognizes them as the products of their own mind.
- An obsession is a persistent, unwanted thought, image, doubt, or urge that interferes into your mind and triggers distress. Considered a psychiatric problem, when it interferes in your life and are present for more than an hour a day.
- Preoccupation (also obsession) means being absorbed with something troubling that is on your mind. Preoccupation are similar to obsessions in that they are regarded as problematic when they cause significance distress, interfere with your life and last for more than an hour per day.
- Compulsions, also called (rituals) are the actions you may take in response to your obsessions or preoccupation, but do not particularly help you in your life. Compulsion can be an observed behavior such as washing hands, or carried out in your mind such as counting, repeating phrases in the mind. Compulsions are usually attempts to get rid of a thought, image, urge, or doubt, and attempt to reduce danger, or discomfort.
Avoidance behavior: are things you do to avoid triggering your obsession or preoccupation. Such as avoiding driving, going to hospital…etc. Rituals, and avoidance behaviors are the support of obsessional problems. Also catastrophic thinking, negative emotions, attention.